CURIOUS PROPERTIES OF 153

References about number 153 can be found in the New Testament, where in the net Simon Peter drew from the Sea of Tiberias held 153 fishes. Some of the interesting properties of number 153 published in  are:

Curious properties of number 153:

• It is the smallest number which can be expressed as the sum of cubes of its digits:

153 = 13 + 53 + 33

• It is equal to the sum of factorials of number from 1 to 5:

153 = 1! + 2! + 3! + 4! + 5!

• The sum of digits of 153 is a perfect square:

1 + 5 + 3 = 9 = 32

• The sum of aliquot divisors of 153 is also a perfect square:

1 + 3 + 9 + 17 + 51 = 81 = 92

Aliquot divisors of a number are all the divisors of that number excluding the number itself but including 1. It is seen that the sum of aliquot divisors of 153 is the square of the sum of the digits of 153.

• On adding the number 153 to its reverse,504 is obtained, whose square is the smallest square which can be expressed as the product of two different non-square numbers which are reverse of one another:

153 + 351 = 504

5042 = 288 x 882

• It can be expressed as the sum of all integers from 1 to 17. In other words, 153 is the 17th triangular number. Since reverse of 153, i.e. 351 is also a triangular number, 153 can be termed as a reversible triangular number.
• Number 153 is also a Harshad number(also called Niven number), i.e. it is divisible by the sum of its own digits:

153 / (1 + 5 + 3) = 17

Since reverse of 153, i.e. 351 is also a Harshad number(or Niven Number), 153 can be termed as a reversible Harshad number(or reversible Niven Number).

• It can be expressed as the product of two numbers formed from its own digits:

153 = 3 * 51

Note that the digits used in multipliers are same as in product.

• The number 135, which is formed by rearranging the digits of 153, can be expressed as:

135 = 11 + 32 + 53

• The sum of all divisors of 153 is 234.

1 + 3 + 9 + 17 + 51 + 153 = 234

The product of aliquot divisors of 153 is 23409:

1 * 3 * 9 * 17 * 51 = 23409

Note that the product of aliquot divisors of 153 contain the sum of all divisors of 153 juxtaposed:

23409 = 234:09

234 = Sum of all divisors of 153

09 = Square root of the sum of aliquot divisors of 153.

• When the cubes of the digits of any number, that is, a multiple of 3 are added, and then this process is repeated, the final result is 153, where the process ends because 153 = 13 + 53 + 33

For example: Take the number 108

13 + 03 + 83 = 513 and 53 + 13 + 33 = 153

So, the number 108 reaches 153 in two cycles and it can be represented as

108513153

A detailed study of all numbers up to 105reveals that all numbers which are multiple of 3 and are less than 105 reach 153 (after the repeated process of summing the cubes of digits is done) in maximum 14 cycles. However, maximum 13 cycles is required for all numbers, which are multiple of 3 and are less than 10,000.

The smallest number, which requires 13 cycles to reach 153, is 177, i.e.,

177 687 1071→345 216 225 141 66 432 99 1458 702 351 153

Table 1 indicates the smallest numbers, which reach 153 in cycles from 1 to 14.

TABLE: 1

 No. of cycles Smallest number 1 135 2 18 3 3 4 9 5 12 6 33 7 114 8 78 9 126 10 6 11 117 12 669 13 177 14 12558

The Smallest Number (Of course a multiple of 3) which reaches 153 in 15 cycles is 44499999999999999999, which in short can be represented as 43917 i.e.

44499999999999999999® 12585® 771®687 ® 1071® 345®216® 225® 141® 66® 432® 99® 1458® 702® 351® 153

Jörg Zurkirchen vide his email dated 16th aug 2021 advised that Jon E. Schoenfield found the smallest numbers, which reach 153 in 16 and 17 cycles (Sloane's A346630).
a(16) = 3.777999...999*10^61042524005486970; it has one 3, three 7's, and 61042524005486967 9's, so the sum of the cubes of its digits is 1*33 + 3*73 + 61042524005486967*93 = 44499999999999999999 = a(15).
a(17) consists of the digit string 45888 followed by a very, very long string of 9's. The number of 9's in that string is (a(16) - 1725)/729,
which is a 61042524005486968-digit number consisting of the digit 5 followed by 753611407475147 copies of the 81-digit string
182441700960219478737997256515775034293552812071330589849108367626886145404663923 followed by a single instance of the 60-digit string
182441700960219478737997256515775034293552812071330589849106
He also shows how to find additional numbers (Sloane's A346789).

Some New Observations on number 153:

• 10 + 51 + 32 = 1 * 5 * 3
• If p(x) represents the number of primes up to x, then the following holds good:

p (153) = p (15) * 3!

• For a beautiful fascinating observation in reciprocal of 153 by Patrick De Geest, click here.
• 10 + 51 + 32 = 15
• 11 + 52 + 33 = 53
• 153153 is the smallest odd abundant number ending in 3.(added on 31-12-2001)
• 153153, 351351, 513513 are all odd abundant numbers.(added on 31-12-2001)
• One of our books of sacred writings is titled The Hidden Words. It is a collection of short meditations, divided into two sections. The first section contains 71 items that were revealed in Arabic; the second section of 82 items was revealed in Persian (Farsi). I think you see my point already..... 71 + 82 = 153. I have often told my fellow believers about this connection between math and our Faith's literature. They are always quite impressed, to say the least.(Sent by Terry Trotter by email dt 25th Dec, 2001)
• Let us say 153 increasingly from left to right:

1, 15, 153

We find that 115153 is prime?(Sent by G.L.Honaker,Jr. by email dt 3rd Feb, 2002)

• The square root of 153 (i.e. 12.369) is the amount of full moons in one year. (Sent by James Furia by email dt 16th June, 2009)
• The length of the grand gallery inside the Great Pyramid is 153 feet. (Sent by James Furia by email dt 16th June, 2009)
• Binary presentation i.e. 10011001 and hexadecimal presentation i.e. 99 of 153 are palindromes. (Sent by Lauri.Kukko@ilkka-yhtyma.fi by email dt 29th May, 2010)
• Within the Great Pyramid, from the King's Chamber floor up to the summit platform there are 153 courses of masonry (From the Pyramidology Book #1 by Adam Rutherford). (Sent by Joe Biddy by email dt 1st October, 2010)
• (11 + 55 + 33) mod 1000 = 153 (Sent by M Sihabudin, from Indonesia)
• If you add the highest and lowest number from these six
135 + 531
153 + 513
315 + 351

you will get 666 - an important number in the book of revelation. (Sent by Bjorn Jonasson from Sweden by email dated 01 Jul 2011)
• 153 is the smallest number k, such k4could be split into two primes in two different ways:
1534 = 547981281 and 547981281 can be split into :
5479 , 81281 and 5 , 47981281 (Sent by Claudio Meller by email dated 26 May, 2012)
• There are 153 days in any five consecutive months not containing February.
• cos513 = cos(360+153) = cos153 (Sent by LEONIDAS PATSURAKOS by email dated 6 Sept, 2013)
• For any triangular number (Tn):

Tn * 1225 + 153 is a triangular number.
For example:

1*1225 + 153 = 1378 = T52
3*1225 + 153 = 3828 = T87
6*1225 + 153 = 7503 = T122
10*1225 + 153 = 12403 = T157

Note that 153 is a triangular number and 1225 is a traingular square number. (Sent by Richard Sewill by email dated 25 Feb 2015)
• The sum of first 8 Heegner numbers ( All Heegner numbers less than 153) is = 1 + 2 + 3 + 7 + 11 + 19 + 43 + 67 =153 (Sent by Hanson Chen by email dt 19 June, 2015)
• The Curious properties of the binary representation of 153

A less described feature of 153 emerges if the number is read as a binary number: 10011001
10011001 when viewed linear is a palindrome comprising 8 positions. If 10011001 is circularized,
forming an octagonal ring, more patterns emerge. Note that the maximal number in a byte (255) is included in above figure.

The circularized 10011001 sequence gives a multiple of 51 (or 3 x 17) from any position the sequence is read.

(Sent by Stefan Krauss, University of Oslo by email dated 29 August 2017)

If you find any new and interesting observation about 153, please email me.

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 Curious Properties of 153, Shyam Sunder Gupta, Science Reporter, February 1991, India.

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